Although brushing twice a day, flossing daily, eating a balanced diet and regular dental visits can prevent, reverse or dramatically reduce the effect of dental problems caused by a poor oral health regime, dental problems remain exceedingly common among more than half of the South African population. Educating yourself about the common dental problems and their causes could go a long way in preventing oral health issues and costly dental procedures. Therefore, we have compiled a list of the four most common dental problems and the best way to treat it. This include:
1. Crooked teeth
Not only is crooked teeth unattractive, but it can also hinder a patient’s ability to chew and speak properly. Additionally, crooked teeth are difficult to keep clean, increasing a patient’s risk of serious oral health problems, such as gingivitis and periodontitis.
Orthodontic treatments such as Invisalign clear braces, traditional metal braces and other orthodontic appliances can help straighten and reposition teeth.
2. Tooth decay
Almost all of us are affected by some degree of tooth decay at some point in our lives, because the root of the tooth gets exposed as we age, making the tooth more susceptible to decay. Tooth decay is the most frequent cause of tooth loss among young people, even though it can be prevented with good oral hygiene routines and a proper diet.
Patients who suffer from toothache are likely to have tooth decay. Depending on the severity of the decay, the tooth can be restored with fillings or dental crowns.
3. Wisdom teeth
Some people are lucky enough to have their wisdom teeth grow in properly, without causing any problems. However, for many patients, this is never the case. Wisdom teeth often develop crookedly, pressing against the other back molars, causing moderate to severe pain, as well as possible infections.
The best way to prevent or treat the adverse effects of wisdom teeth is to have it extracted as soon as a problem arises.
4. Discoloured teeth
The things we consume have the potential to damage the appearance of our teeth, by staining or discolouring it. Failing to remove plaque and stain-producing substances from the teeth through the proper oral hygiene routines and adequate brushing and flossing can cause tooth discolouration.
For most patients who have discoloured teeth, a professional whitening treatment is all that is needed to improve the colour and appearance of their smiles. However, for more stubborn stains, veneers can be placed on the surface of the tooth to hide the stain and result in a much whiter smile.
For more information on common dental problems, or to schedule an appointment with a professional dentist who can prevent or treat dental problems, contact a dentist in Cape Town.